April 3, 2020 By Gibran Bharucha 1

Different kinds of apocalypse and how to survive.

The word apocalypse means revealing of a disastrous situation. It is derived from the Greek word, Apokálypsis, which means “finding out something secret “or “lifting of the veil”. In every religion, the word is replaced as Armageddon or the end of the world. One might think in our current state of confinement such words are meant to be used in a film or a novel and not in the 21st Century as we have best of the Technologies to tackle any form of apocalypse, but many a time the Human Race has been threatened on Earth by a parasite, a Virus, a natural calamity or event due to our own negligence on saving our planet to save ourselves. The greed for money is leading to the destruction of the planet at ginormous rates and the same once surpassed the tipping point will never be able to bring it back to its original glory. It may be fiction, but Hollywood brings out the deepest and Darkest thoughts and ways to destroy the Earth and the Human race. The Earth is always at a Threat because of the intertwining and socializing of the human race and the greed to strive for more. If one won’t do it there will always be another regardless of the right or wrong putting the world in danger and the extinction of the Human Race along with it. I have collated and researched some of the worst apocalypses to affect Human history and measures to be taken to safeguard one’s self and their surroundings

  1. Plague:

Many catastrophes have come in the past, but we the Human Race have survived. The Plague is the most Notorious also known as the “Black Death”. Plague is a disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis and is very infectious & brutal in death. Symptoms include fever, weakness and headache.

3500–3000 BC (circa) In 2018 a Swedish tomb was excavated and discovered to harbour evidence of Yersinia pestis within the interred human remains. The estimated date of this individual’s death is correlated to a period of European history known as the decline of the Neolithic Age. The plague presence in the remains proves of their cause of death of 90% of the Neolithic population.

541–750 AD (circa) The first plague post 541 years after the crucifixion of Jesus Christ the first plague pandemic emerged in Egypt and travelled across the Mediterranean and Northern West Europe It was known as the plague of The Plague of Justinian (541–542 AD, with recurrences until 750) The pandemic had affected the Byzantine Empire and Constantinople and the Sasanian Empire.

1346–1840: The second plague pandemic spreads across Central Asia and Europe killing 25 Million people.

1866–1960s: The third Plague was the one which originated in China. The plague spread to India and killed a total of 22.5 million people under British rule.

Cure of the Plague: Vaccine against bubonic plague was first developed by Haffkine. Antibiotic drugs have been developed since the 1940s which dramatically reduce the death rate from the plague. Since then the plague deaths have reduced to less than 200 a year mainly due to lack of medical treatment.

2. Virus Attacks:

A virus is a microscopic parasite, which can be seen with the help of a microscope they cannot live outside a host for very long and thus penetrate into the closest animal, mammal or species. There have been many cases of Virus outbreaks in the world across the human race. But we try and remember some of the recent and the deadliest. Virus attacks known to Human history.

  • Ebola: Sudan Africa in 1976 was the first known Ebola virus outbreak. According to some experts, it was transmitted from mainly bats. It travelled from central Africa to western Africa and spread across to other parts of the globe. Reston ebolavirus was discovered in 1989 in a research monkeys that were imported from the Philippines into the U.S. 1994 Cote d’Ivoire outbreak took place and in 1995 Kik wit, Zaire (now DRC) outbreak took place but was curbed in time. Source: https://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/history/summaries.html
  • Swine Flu (H1N1): Swine flu is an Infectious Virus caused from pigs as denoted in the name. Swine flu is not a regular virus to contract from an animal, but human infections can take place in our body. In 2009 a strain of swine flu called H1N1 was transmitted to many patients and thus infected many people around the Globe. The virus is contagious and can spread from between humans. In the spring of 2009, a novel influenza A (H1N1) virus emerged in Jan 2009 in Mexico and later travelled to the USA. Global death was over 284,000, with 47% of children were affected. Treatment available: antivirals Trusted Source (oseltamivir and zanamivir); most people recovered without complications Vaccine available: H1N1 vaccine research started in April 2009 and a vaccine became available December 2009. monovalent (H1N1) pdm09 vaccine x`

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5839a3.htm https://www.healthline.com/health-news/how-deadly-is-the-coronavirus-compared-to-past-outbreaks#20142016-Ebola

  • SARS Cov (Severe Acute respiratory syndrome): From 2002 to 2004:  is another type of coronavirus that came out of China and spread quickly through respiratory droplets. Though the SARS death rate was higher than COVID-19, COVID-19 has already claimed more lives. Sars was first detected in the Guangdong province of China in Nov 2002. SARS has an estimated mortality rate of 9.6%, It spread across 29 countries with a total of 8098 cases and 774 deaths, SARS can spread when an infected person sneezes, coughs, or comes into face-to-face contact with someone else or having contact with the bodily fluids of a person with SARS such as kissing. Even hugging or sharing water or utensils can cause the other person to get infected. There is no confirmed treatment for SARS.

Source: https://www.healthline.com/health-news/how-deadly-is-the-coronavirus-compared-to-past-outbreaks#20022004-severe-acute-respiratory-syndrome-(SARS)

  • Smallpox Virus: Smallpox is considered an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor. There was extensive scaring on the skin of those who survived, and some had been blinded by the disease. The symptoms of the disease included fever and vomiting initially. Around 300 million people is estimated to have dies in the 20th century due to smallpox. Antiviral medications and steroids are sometimes given to reduce lung swelling, and sufficient oxygen on the ventilator might be required. It was eradicated in 1980 by the WHO.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smallpox

  • Dengue: Dengue virus first appeared in the 1950s in the Philippines and Thailand, and has since spread throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the globe a vaccine for Dengue was approved in 2019 by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration  for use in children 9-16 years old living in an area where dengue is common

Source: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/09/150918132028.htm

  • Hanta Virus: Hanta Virus is caused by Rodents, Hanta Virus in the New world is known as HPS and in the old world is known as HFRC (haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome), The Virus is spread to people as a perfumed sprayed in the air and is carried by the aerosolized virus that is shed in urine, faeces, and saliva, into the human body.

Source:  https://www.cdc.gov/hantavirus/surveillance/index.html

  • Rota Virus: WHO estimates that worldwide, 453,000 children younger than age 5 died from rotavirus infection in 2008. The countries that introduced the vaccine have reported a sharp decline in rotavirus hospitalizations and deaths. Two vaccines are now available to protect children from rotavirus, It’s the main cause for severe diarrheal illness among infants and young children.
  • COVID-19 Also known as SARS Cov-2: The virus likely originated in bats, like SARS-Cov, and passed through an intermediate animal before infecting people. was first identified in December 2019 in the city of Wuhan in China. The disease causes respiratory illness (like the flu), the symptoms include cough, fever, and in more severe cases, difficulty breathing, it could lead to Pneumonia in the Lungs. As people across the globe are being tested and half the world in Lockdown within their homes, the COvid-19 currently does not have a cure.
  • How to Survive: Tips on how to survive the Plague, Viruses, Parasites, Mosquitoes and other insects or disease that could kill you:

•           Always wear a Mask & Gloves during a Pandemic.

•           Keep a full-body Hazmat suit at home for an outbreak emergency.

•           If someone in your family contracts any of the above you can always protect one from another with the proper equipment and if safety measures are followed.

•           Avoid Trains, Busses, Shopping Malls, crowded streets and places with too many people.

•           Stay away from socializing and crowded areas.

•           Stock up of sufficient food and liquids to survive a quarter of a year.

•           Don’t venture out in a pandemic to avoid getting infected while running

•           If you have a Rodent infestation fix it.

•           Don’t play with Dead animals such as squirrels or rodents, dispose of them immediately.

•           If you have people who are unclean, keep your distance.

•           Self-hygiene is a very important factor.

•           Keep your hair clean and avoid having dreadlocks during a pandemic.

•           Always clean your hands up till your elbow and wash your face and feet as well if they are open to the air when you travelled outside your home.

•           Stay away from known people with any pandemic or disease during this period else you can contract the same as usually the Plague, Virus and Parasite are contagious and can be airborne.

•           They can be transmitted via air, while the infected person is speaking or sometimes just by standing in the circumference of the person could lead to contraction of the virus or bacteria.

•           Stay away from animals during this pandemic period, and if they are house pets, avoid taking them outside else they might be the carrier to bring it in your house when you take your dog or cat for a walk.

•           Wash your hands frequently for 15 to 20 seconds, with soap and water or us an alcohol-based hand rub

•           Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue and dispose it immediately or flexed elbow when you cough or sneeze

•           Keep a safe distance from everyone who are unwell. 1.5 meter or 5 feet space is ideal.

•           Stay home and isolate oneself from others in the household if you feel unwell and avoid spreading the flu.

•           It’s a National Pandemic takes and Break and avoid travelling outside your home unless emergency until it is under control in your city.

•           Store a Water filter that will clean out all viruses from the water.

•           Store sufficient water for drinking and other purposes.

Meteor, Asteroid, Comet or Nuclear attack.

3. Meteor, Asteroid or Comet Attack:

Meteor attack if it does unless we are aware of it coming towards Earth it would be impossible to survive it. We have new technology with Nasa in conjunction with the University of Hawaii have formed The ATLAS (The Asteroid Terrestrial Impact Last Alert System). If an Asteroid is spotted it is immediately its pattern of travel or trajectory is plotted and confirmed if it is in a collision course with Earth, within 24hrs a plan will have to be executed to survive the impact. The city would burn for days thus you would have to stock up for a month’s supply. You would have a better survival chance to travel underground to safety from all the flying debris if you stay in a city. If you stay in a rural area its best to get away from the crash site as far as you can but in a city, if you do not plan in advance you might be stuck in a Jam when the Meteor hits. Even if you are underground get as far away from the point of impact as it might cause gas leaks, pipe bursts or even fires raging to engulf anything in its path. Make sure you have sufficient space to breath and clean sanitary space to hide. You might think it is science fictional like the Hollywood movie Armageddon or Deep Impact. But there is a small chance of an asteroid hitting and causing enormous destruction which could even obliterate the Human race with minutes. Scientists and other expert technologists along with NASA are building methods to find out the speed of the meteor entering the earth and causing impact and its outcome. NASA takes several pictures every day and Night to compare the different type of objects entering the earth. Sometimes there are faulty satellites entering the Earth and they Burn up before they reach the Earth. A Meteor the size of a Giza Pyramid would be approx. 150 Meters in diameter and generate 288 megatons of energy. The most lethal death is caused by a big enough Meteor hitting the water near a shore causing violent winds, generated causing things or debris such as Ejecta (meteor particles) to fly and hit people or pin them down against a heavy metal object, followed by Scorching Heat and the hit by a Wave of Tsunami. If the Tsunami doesn’t get you the pressure of the water when you will be pulled under will definitely cause you pain and cause you to bleed internally. With prior knowledge, you can definitely vacate the city and divert the people to safety but there no way to stop a meteor from destroying the Earth. In Real life, our ability to destroy the Meteor is limited to our technology.

How to Survive:

•           NASA could send a Rocket with Nuclear Warheads to destroy the Meteor head-on like a battering Ram.

•           NASA and Space X could have Nuclear Warheads or Rockets in space ready to deploy so it will save much critical time when the Meteor is closer to Earth, A close impact could cause the Ozone Layer to deplete due to Nuclear reaction in the air.

•           We as an Individual should hide in a Bunker which is air locked so as to avoid any flooding and other chemicals penetrating and causing death.

•           Have sufficient Medal supplies, including Gloves, Masks, Hazmat suits and Oxygen Cylinders.

•           There is not much you can do but try and get as far away as you can from the site of Impact.

4. Nuclear Power:

A Nuclear power Plant is used to generate Nuclear energy heat via a Nuclear Reaction, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant. The Word Nuclear is relating to atomic or hydrogen bombs. Nuclear Energy means the Nucleus of a Cell. If it is a Nuclear attack the only way to survive is sealing yourself in a Bunker with enough supplies to last you a lifetime. Nuclear attacks can be manmade accidents like the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. The Chernobyl disaster was a nuclear accident that occurred in Chernobyl Power Plant in the city of Pripyat in the north of the Country then called USSR, on Saturday 26 April 1986. The No.4 reactor of the plant exploded. It destroyed towns in and around that city. The Nuclear war could also be another reason for you to hide the apocalypse and it would be unlikely you would ever see the daylight for 100 years after. One of the worst man-made destructive force.

The United States had detonated two nuclear bombs over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima on the 6th Aug and Nagasaki on 9th August 1945. Over the next few months, the acute effects of the atomic bombings killed between 90,000 and 146,000 people in Hiroshima and 39,000 and 80,000 people in Nagasaki; Most of the deaths took place on the first day. Enormous number of people continued to die for month after month from the effects of burns, radiation sickness, and other injuries, compounded by illness and malnutrition. Here even if you have a bunker and you remain safe within if a Nuclear bomb falls around your bunker it is likely you might not survive. But with the 21st century, technology and equipment a person can be extracted with the help of Robots and full body hazmat nuclear-protected suits or Radiation hazard suits. Suggest:Dupont Tychem® 6000 F Face Seal and the Tychem® ThermoPro, in Some cases full-face respirators have to be worn with SCBAs. Fumes of some chemicals cannot be filtered by respirators with canister, so wearing an SCBA (Self Contained Breathing Apparatus) is essential.

What happens if you are prolonged to Nuclear exposure of 1 Megaton Nuclear explosion: If you have prolonged exposure to a Nuclear blast and you are within the 10 Km radius you will get blind and if you are beyond but have been staring directly at the blast you could get temporary or permanent blindness. A UV light will cause third-degree burns with a flash. With Nanoseconds deadly Gama raise with start destroying your cells and penetrate deeper into the body. The heatwave goes through everything. Everything is vaporised and causes the metal to melt. The entire landscape is flattened. If you with a few km the superheated air will shred your lungs. You will be crushed with the falling building even if you survive everything else. You won’t feel pain as your body evaporates even before you think about taking a breath. Electromagnetic radiation will overload the circuits inside the radius of the explosion and render everything useless. The power grid will require a rebuild from the ground up.

How to survive:

  • In a Nuclear attack if you have sufficient time you ought to get underground in an air-tight room with all possible Luxuries to survive for at least a decade.
  • Create a Bomb Shelter.
  • If you are living in a city flat and have managed to survive the Explosion, make sure not to go out.
  • Close all the exits and outlets of air coming in and going out.
  • Duct tape all the doors and windows to avoid any radiation coming inside. Seal it enough to avoid radioactive contaminants to leak in.
  • Try and get as low in the build if possible, such as a basement but only if you are able to seal yourself off from the outside world completely.
  • Deeper you go underground better your chance of survival. At least have a 5 ft space above you so as to take the impact of a bomb falls above the shelter.
  • Keep basic necessities ready in a bag always even at home for an emergency getaway. The things in the bag need to replace every 6 months (Includes soap, sanitizer, tissue rolls, Medicines and a handheld Radio as post the bomb there won’t be any way to communicate to anyone alive far away).
  • A Sleeping bag needs to be stored in multiples in case you plan to take a few more people with you to survive.
  • Stock sufficient Water as the water will be contaminated after the nuclear explosion and won’t be drinkable or used for any purpose. For cooking a Liquid fuel stove, Robens Woodsman Stove as it has a USB charger, with Stormproof matches and a Magnesium bar with the striker for a spark, an Ontario 6141 MK 3 Navy Knife (Black) headlamp, a MINI Maglite led with a built-in stun gun and a slingshot in-case you are the only one left alive when you emerge to kill your meal.
  • A Saber cut saw for cutting down a tree Eg: Saber Cut Saw – Ultimate Survival Technologies, a screw drive kit tool belt for handy work inside Bunker.
  • A Medical Aid Kit, Maps and Compass (Learn how to use a Map and compass).
  • Condoms & Birth Control pills, If you do find your Mamasita, But you might want to wait initially as you are not sure if you have been exposed to any radiation.
  • Have sufficient for a few days, because you might not be able to get help for a month at least.
  • Keep a back-up battery power “LUXA2 P MEGA 41600 mah” for charging your phone to play games and your music (for some time at least until you are able to get outside and charge it with a Solar charger Eg: a 1000W Solar Powered Portable Charger Camping Inverter Generator).
  • A hygiene kit for keeping your teeth clean and shaving yourself to avoid any growth or infection. A moisturiser for your skin due to dampness underground.

5. Natural Disasters.

There are various ways in which the Earth can be obliterated or could simply just destroy life on Earth to rebegin again. Some of the worst fear of mankind is the uncertainty of Natural Disasters. There have been countless experiences faced by the Human race.

Earthquake: Catastrophic earthquake scenarios have been laid out multiple times in movies like the San Andreas fault line. An Earthquake is caused when two tectonic plates collide causing mountains to rise and buildings to break. In Chile on 22nd May,1960 the largest earthquake in the world was recorded with a magnitude of 9.5 Mw (Richter scale). And in Japan on 11th March 2011 shook Japan with an Earthquake the magnitude of 9.0 Mw (Richter scale), 15,891 died. It was followed by a Tsunami.

Tsunami: The Earthquake caused powerful tsunami waves reached up to 133 feet high. 2500 people were missing, 16,000 people dead and around 6000 people were injured. The report stated 127,290 buildings were completely destroyed, and 272,788 buildings have partially collapsed. The estimated cost of the disaster was $235 billion making it the most expensive disaster in the 21st century.

Hurricane / Typhoon: A low-pressure centre or tropical cyclone creating thunderstorms and flashes of lightning and winds with great speeds that can lift a bus. A Hurricane occurs in the Atlantic Ocean and the North eastern Pacific Ocean, and a typhoon occurs in the North western Pacific Ocean, in the south Pacific or the Indian Ocean. They are massive storms that form over warm ocean water and move towards land. It brings in rain floods and lightning. It’s always safer to be indoors during a hurricane else you could be swept away by the sheer force of the wind.

Tornado: Tornado is mammoth of a violent column of air in the shape of a cone protruding upwards towards the sky. Its mouth wide open in the sky with dark clouds rotating around it above as it moves at high speeds across the ground. It is mainly found in America, South Africa, Europe, Australia, New Zealand Bangladesh and Eastern India. A tornado can be detected even before they occur by a Pulse-Doppler radar

Volcanic Eruption: Or it could be all of them caused by one big eruption which could cause the Human Race to be fossilised until rediscovered by a New ear of humans who have evolved to survive in the New World.

How to Survive a Natural Disaster:

  • Drop to the ground and take cover if there is an Earthquake to avoid anything from falling on your head or you falling down.
  • Stay away from glass windows as they might break, stay inside until it stops.
  • Run out the moment it stops else there could be an aftershock.
  • Do not use the lift, use the stairs always.
  • Get away from the building and in the middle of the street to avoid any tall structures from crashing down on you.
  • Next, you get ready to get to higher ground if you are near the Sea because if the epicentre was in the sea it will be followed by a Tsunami.
  • Water weighs about 1,700 pounds per cubic yard, so battering waves from the surge of water can easily demolish buildings and cause massive destruction along the coast.
  • Self-determine how best to protect one’s self from flooding and strong winds.
  • Evacuate only if told to do so.
  • Take refuge in a room which will not be bothered by the winds and the rain.
  • Listen for emergency information and alerts.
  • Use the generator outdoors only and away from windows as it produces lots of heat and can catch fire or crack a glass.
  • DO not try to walk through Water, Swim or wade your way as you do not know what’s underneath the water and what could harm you from a metal rod to a jellyfish.
  • Water weighs about 1,700 pounds per cubic yard, so battering waves from a surge can easily demolish buildings and cause massive destruction along the coast.
  • Always try and pre-plan to escape the storm and get to higher ground or a less violent place for the moment until it subsides to normality.

You could read up on the various forms of Apocalypse that some could happen again? An interesting read with

https://surviveafterend.com/types-of-apocalypse/

Else try for more on how to survive read :

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/23/style/how-to-survive-the-apocalypse.html

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